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Ngāruahine Claims Settlement Bill

Year: 2015 Number: 45 Download PDF (118 KB)

The departmental disclosure statement for a government Bill seeks to bring together in one place a range of information to support and enhance the Parliamentary and public scrutiny of that Bill.

It identifies:

  • the general policy intent of the Bill and other background policy material;
  • some of the key quality assurance products and processes used to develop and test the content of the Bill;
  • the presence of certain significant powers or features in the Bill that might be of particular Parliamentary or public interest and warrant an explanation.






29 April 2015


Part One: General Policy Statement

This Bill gives effect to the deed of settlement signed on 9 August 2014 in which the Crown and Ngāruahine agreed to the final settlement of the historical Treaty of Waitangi claims of Ngāruahine. Legislation is necessary to give effect to certain aspects of the settlement. Other aspects of the settlement are provided for only in the deed of settlement.


Part 1—

  • sets out the purpose of the Bill and deals with other matters of general application;
  • defines Ngāruahine, historical claims and other essential elements;
  • records the acknowledgements and apology offered by the Crown to Ngāruahine;
  • gives effect to the agreement between the Crown and Ngāruahine to a final settlement of the raupatu historical Treaty of Waitangi claims of Ngāruahine
  • removes the jurisdiction of judicial bodies in respect of the Ngāruahine historical claims and the redress provided under the deed of settlement or the Bill; and
  • deals with related issues, including a consequential amendment to the Treaty of Waitangi Act 1975, and the removal of certain resumptive memorials.


Part 2 sets out the cultural redress provided to Ngāruahine, including—

  • provision for a conservation, fisheries and taonga tūturu protocol;
  • provision for statutory acknowledgement and deeds of recognition;
  • an overlay classification;
  • acknowledgment of the Ngāruahine statement of values and protection principles through the Whāriki o Ngāruahine;
  • cultural redress properties and their vesting and administration provisions;
  • provision for Ngāruahine to prepare a Kaitiaki instrument for relevant local authorities and relevant departments;
  • provision for Ngāruahine to purchase Te Ngutu o Te Manu site B and Kaipi Street property from the South Taranaki District Council; and
  • provision for Ngāruahine to contribute to the decision making of the Taranaki Regional Council


Part 3 of the Bill makes provision for certain commercial redress to be provided for the benefit of Ngāruahine in relation to—

  • commercial redress and deferred selection properties that are to be transferred to the trustees; and  
  • a right of first refusal (RFR) over RFR land.


Part Two: Background Material and Policy Information

Published reviews or evaluations

2.1. Are there any publicly available inquiry, review or evaluation reports that have informed, or are relevant to, the policy to be given effect by this Bill?


The Taranaki Report - Kaupapa Tuatahi, WAI 143, 1996 (accessible at

Relevant international treaties

2.2. Does this Bill seek to give effect to New Zealand action in relation to an international treaty?


Regulatory impact analysis

2.3. Were any regulatory impact statements provided to inform the policy decisions that led to this Bill?


Extent of impact analysis available

2.4. Has further impact analysis become available for any aspects of the policy to be given effect by this Bill?



2.5. For the policy to be given effect by this Bill, is there analysis available on:


(a)   the size of the potential costs and benefits?


(b)   the potential for any group of persons to suffer a substantial unavoidable loss of income or wealth?



2.6. For the policy to be given effect by this Bill, are the potential costs or benefits likely to be impacted by:


(a)   the level of effective compliance or non-compliance with applicable obligations or standards?


(b)   the nature and level of regulator effort put into encouraging or securing compliance?


Part Three: Testing of Legislative Content

Consistency with New Zealand’s international obligations

3.1. What steps have been taken to determine whether the policy to be given effect by this Bill is consistent with New Zealand’s international obligations?

No steps have been undertaken

Consistency with the government’s Treaty of Waitangi obligations

3.2. What steps have been taken to determine whether the policy to be given effect by this Bill is consistent with the principles of the Treaty of Waitangi?

During settlement negotiations, the Office of Treaty Settlements and Ngāruahine negotiators engaged with iwi and hapu whose interests are directly affected by the settlement. The redress given effect by this Bill is consistent with Treaty principles and Treaty of Waitangi settlement policy.

Consistency with the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990

3.3. Has advice been provided to the Attorney-General on whether any provisions of this Bill appear to limit any of the rights and freedoms affirmed in the New Zealand Bill of Rights Act 1990?


Advice provided to the Attorney-General by the Crown Law Office, or a section 7 report of the Attorney-General, is generally expected to be available on the Ministry of Justice website upon introduction of a Bill. Such advice, or reports, will be accessible on the Ministry’s website at

Offences, penalties and court jurisdictions

3.4. Does this Bill create, amend, or remove:


(a)   offences or penalties (including infringement offences or penalties and civil pecuniary penalty regimes)?


(b)   the jurisdiction of a court or tribunal (including rights to judicial review or rights of appeal)?


The Bill settled historic Treaty claims and removes the jurisdiction of courts, tribunals and other judicial bodies into the claims, deed of settlement and redress provided. (clauses 15, 16, 17 and 18).


3.4.1. Was the Ministry of Justice consulted about these provisions?


These provisions were developed by the Office of Treaty Settlements which is part of the Ministry of Justice.

Privacy issues

3.5. Does this Bill create, amend or remove any provisions relating to the collection, storage, access to, correction of, use or disclosure of personal information?


External consultation

3.6. Has there been any external consultation on the policy to be given effect by this Bill, or on a draft of this Bill?


Stakeholder groups (e.g. overlapping iwi, councils) were informed of the key relevant provisions contained in the Bill as the settlement was negotiated and agreed, and were invited to comment on relevant parts of the bill affecting them. Iwi with settlement legislation have been consulted on proposed legislative provisions affecting their settlements.


Overlapping groups: Taranaki Iwi, Te Atiawa, Ngati Maru and Ngati Ruanui.


Councils: South Taranaki District Council, Taranaki Regional Council, New Plymouth District Council, and Stratford District Council.


Other testing of proposals

3.7. Have the policy details to be given effect by this Bill been otherwise tested or assessed in any way to ensure the Bill’s provisions are workable and complete? 


The proposed provisions are tested throughout the negotiations process through consultation with key stakeholders and engagement with third parties. The deed of settlement provisions were ratified by Ngāruahine before the deed of settlement was signed on 9 August 2014.

Part Four: Significant Legislative Features

Compulsory acquisition of private property

4.1. Does this Bill contain any provisions that could result in the compulsory acquisition of private property?


Charges in the nature of a tax

4.2. Does this Bill create or amend a power to impose a fee, levy or charge in the nature of a tax?


Retrospective effect

4.3. Does this Bill affect rights, freedoms, or impose obligations, retrospectively?


Strict liability or reversal of the usual burden of proof for offences

4.4. Does this Bill:


(a)   create or amend a strict or absolute liability offence?


(b)   reverse or modify the usual burden of proof for an offence or a civil pecuniary penalty proceeding?


Civil or criminal immunity

4.5. Does this Bill create or amend a civil or criminal immunity for any person?


Significant decision-making powers affecting individuals

4.6. Does this Bill create or amend a decision-making power to make a determination about a person’s rights, obligations, or interests protected or recognised by law, and that could have a significant impact on those rights, obligations, or interests?


Powers to make delegated legislation

4.7. Does this Bill create or amend a power to make delegated legislation that could amend an Act, define the meaning of a term in an Act, or grant an exemption from an Act or delegated legislation?


4.8. Does this Bill create or amend any other powers to make delegated legislation?


Any other unusual provisions or features

4.9. Does this Bill contain any provisions (other than those noted above) that are unusual or call for special comment?



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